Registered Dietitian Miss Chloris Leung graduated with a Master degree in Nutrition & Dietetics, the University of Sydney, Australia. She has been practicing dietetics both in Sydney and Hong Kong, especially in the areas of obesity and chronic disease management. She is qualified as an Accredited Practising Dietitian of the Dietitians Association of Australia and is a Member of Register of Dietitians of the Hong Kong Academy of Accredited Dietitians. She is also a Full member & Editor of the Hong Kong Dietitians Association.
Breast cancer is the number one killer of female cancers, and new diseases are on the rise. According to medical statistics, it is confirmed that the early detection of breast cancer has a very high recovery rate. There is a lot of medical evidence that age, lifestyle, life stage, and family history may all be the cause of breast cancer. If you find lumps in your breasts, you should get breast cancer screening as soon as possible. Through mammography, early stage breast cancer, benign tumors or breast hyperplasia can be detected early.
We will use X-ray equipment to take images of the compressed breasts from multiple angles, and we can carefully examine the condition of the breasts. It has been confirmed to be an effective method for breast cancer detection in many countries. Mammography can detect very small tumors that cannot be found on ultrasound, as well as microcalcifications or lumps with irregular edges. Even many problems that cannot be diagnosed by palpation can also be found through this examination.
During the examination, the breast must be evenly flattened to obtain the best imaging effect. This may cause a little pain, but it will only last for a few seconds. The entire examination process takes about 20minutes.
The cervix is located at the bottom of the uterus, connecting the uterus and vagina. Cervical smear (also known as Pap smear, named after Dr. George Papanicolaou , who invented this technique in the 1920s) is a quick and simple test that can detect abnormal cervical cell lesions.
Before cervical cancer appears, abnormal cells will form in the cervix. If left untreated, within 5 to 10 yrs, these pre-cancerous cells may change and become cervical cancer. The purpose of cervical cancer screening is to treat these abnormalities early through testing detection to prevent cervical cancer. The treatment rate of precancerous lesions is close to 100%.
Cervical smear is a test to detect abnormal early lesions of the cervix. If such lesions are found, they can be treated before the cancer develops. If abnormal cells are found on the cervical smear, further tests are needed to determine whether the disease is serious.
Avoid cell testing when you are menstruating. In the 48 hours before the test, you should avoid vaginal lavage, spermicide, vaginal plugs, and sexual intercourse, as this may hide or wash away abnormal cells. If you find unusual vaginal secretions, you should first see a doctor and treat the vaginal infection before undergoing a cervical smear.
Taking the Pap smear
Before being tested, you may need to answer some questions about your health and lifestyle.
It is a safe simple test, the process only takes a few minutes. The doctor or nurse will put a tool (called a speculum) into your vagina. After that, a small plastic brush will be used to take some cell samples on the surface of the cervix. The cell sample is transferred to a bottle of liquid for storage. Then, the doctor or nurse will remove the speculum, and the examination is complete. The samples will be sent to the laboratory for testing under a microscope. HPV DNA screening test can also be done with the sample.
An accurate, quick and safe method for measuring bone density and detected osteoporosis.